Composite Materials


This topic investigates various composite material including laminates, asphalt, geotextiles and concrete. Applications of each material and advantages of composite material are discussed. Concrete structures are a key concept of this topic.

Key Concepts

  • Laminates, structures and applications
  • Asphalt, ingredients and applications
  • Geotextiles, structures and applications
  • Concrete, structures and applications
  • Concrete testing methods.

Discussion Questions


  1. Describe and define a timber laminate.
  2. Explain the advantages of timber laminates for structural applications.


  1. Describe and define asphalt.
  2. Explain the advantages of asphalt as a surface layer.


  1. Describe and define geotextile.
  2. Explain the advantages of geotextile in a structure.


  1. Define concrete.
  2. Explain the advantages of concrete as a structural component.
  3. Describe methods of reinforcing concrete.
  4. Define the term post-tensioned concrete.
  5. Define the term pre-tensioned concrete.

Concrete Testing

  1. Describe methods of testing concrete.


Asphalt /Recycle/Roads