Work Hardening and Heat Treatment – Steel


Engineering Studies – H2 Transport Engineering – Materials and Manufacturing

This topic revisits methods used to modify the engineering properties of metals. Key concepts include the heat treatment processes and the effects on properties caused by cold working.

Key Concepts

  • Modification of steels using a heating and cooling process
  • The effect of carbon content on steel hardening
  • The effect of cold working steel alloys on change structure and properties

Discussion Questions

  1. What are the processes that might increase the hardness of some steels?
  2. What are the processes that might soften many steels?
  3. Describe strain hardening/work hardening, including what occurs when steels are deformed during cold rolling, compressing, or elongation.
  4. Describe the annealing process of a cold rolled steel and the effect on structure and properties of the steel.
  5. Describe both hardening of high carbon steel and the tempering of the hardened steel.
  6. Draw the microstructure of a 0.8% C hardened steel.
  7. Describe Martensite and its engineering properties.
  8. Discuss the meaning of these terms;
    1. Quenching
    2. Recrystallisation
    3. Annealing
    4. Normalising
    5. Hardening
    6. Tempering
    7. Case hardening
    8. Induction hardening